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Iowa small business profile

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This SmalBusiness.com Local Project entry provides a overview of small business activities in Iowa. You can find information about a wide array of small business resources in Iowa at the Iowa Hub.

In Iowa, small businesses are vital to the financial well-being of the state’s economy. Their contribution is essential for economic growth since they make up almost all employer firms in the state. As entrepreneurs and innovators, small business owners represented a diverse group in 2004 and continued to keep the state’s economy productive. The Small Business Profile provides information on the performance of small businesses in the state using the most current federal data available. This Small Business Profile was prepared by the U.S. Small Business Administration and provides information on the performance of small businesses in the state using the most current federal data available.

Number of Businesses

There were an estimated 243,932 small businesses in Iowa in 2004. Of the 69,354 firms with employees, an estimated 97.5 percent, or 67,648, were small firms. In 2004, the estimated number of employer businesses increased by 0.9 percent. The number of self-employed persons (including incorporated) decreased overall by 2.3 percent, from 190,332 in 2003 to 185,887 in 2004. Non-employer businesses numbered 176,284 in 2002, an increase of 1.5 percent since 2001, based on the most recent data available.
(Sources: U.S. Dept. of Labor, Employment and Training Administration; U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Census Bureau; U.S. Dept of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.)

Women-Owned Businesses

In 2002 women-owned firms totaled 63,825, an increase of 11 percent from 1997, and generated $7.4 billion in revenues. Firms owned jointly by women and men numbered 36,318 with revenues of $8.1 billion. Women represented 36 percent of the self-employed persons in the state.
(Sources: U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Census Bureau.)

Minority-Owned Businesses

In 2002, Hispanic-owned firms numbered 1,535, an increase of 14 percent from 1997. Black-owned firms numbered 1,619, an increase of 20 percent; Asian-owned firms numbered 1,778, an increase of 4 percent; American Indian and Alaska Native-owned firms numbered 644, a decrease of 32 percent; and there were 30 Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander-owned businesses.
(Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Census Bureau.)

Business Turnover

There were an estimated 5,954 new employer businesses in 2004, 7.6 percent more than the previous year. Business terminations numbered 7,391 in 2004, an increase of 0.2 percent. Business bankruptcies increased by 11.5 percent and totaled 360 in 2004.
(Sources: U.S. Dept. of Labor, Employment and Training Administration; Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts; U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Census Bureau.)


Small firms with fewer than 500 employees numbered 63,534 in 2002 and employed 642,285 individuals, or 52.2 percent of the state’s non-farm private sector. Net job gains among firms with fewer than 20 employees totaled 5,628, while large firms with 500 or more employees lost 16,541 jobs between 2001 and 2002.
(Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Census Bureau, Statistics of U.S. Businesses.)

Small Business Income

Non-farm proprietors’ income, a partial measure of small business income, increased by 9.1 percent, from $7 billion in 2002 to $7.6 billion in 2003.
(Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce.)


Commercial bank lenders are an important source of small business loans, and small firms usually rely on them for financing. Over the last 10 years the number of banks in Iowa has declined. The Office of Advocacy has identified banks in each state that make the most loans to small businesses. This information is available in its banking studies at http://www.sba.gov/advo/research/lending.html.

See also