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Trust (monopoly)

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A special trust or business trust is a business entity formed with intent to monopolize business, to restrain trade, or to fix prices.[1] Trusts gained economic power in the U.S. in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. They were often created when corporate leaders convinced (or coerced) the shareholders of all the companies in one industry to convey their shares to a board of trustees, in exchange for dividend-paying certificates The board would then manage all the companies in 'trust' for the shareholders (and minimize competition in the process). Eventually the term was used to refer to monopolies in general and were outlawed by anti-trust laws.

References

  1. Moody. The Truth About The Trusts. XIII. 

See Also

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This entry includes content from the following Wikipedia article: Trust (monopoly)